About us     Activities     Announcements     Contacts 
 Lithuania
 EU/NATO
 Russia
 Other countries
 Threats
 Energetics
 Reviews of the press
 Summer Academy
 Publications















   We recommend:







   Our sponsors:



 
EU/NATO
 
  NATO’s new strategic concept: main highlights

Vadim Volovoj, Doctor in Political Sciences
2011 01 10

A new Alliance’s strategic concept was adopted at the end of November in Lisbon during the NATO summit. Let’s discuss some of its key moments.

First of all, the Alliance’s decision to act beyond NATO borders is very disputable (after the operation against Yugoslavia in 1999 NATO was criticized for not respecting position of the UN), however, this aspect was left in the new concept. On the one hand, it is understandable, since, according to the concept “Instability or conflict beyond NATO borders can directly threaten Alliance security”, and NATO will therefore employ preventive measures. On the other hand, the above wording gives a possibility to act everywhere and any time. Nonetheless, in the concept the focus is given to: a) coordination of actions and plans with the UN and b) complex regulation of situation in post-conflict situations (i.e. application of political, civil and military measures). Unfortunately, the document doesn’t say that NATO will act only after receiving sanction of the UN. At the same time, today the world needs rapid response to challenges, and the UN can hardly respond effectively to critical situations. Thus from the operational point of view the new NATO’s strategy seems quite realistic and balanced.

Secondly, considerable attention in the new strategic concept is also devoted to new threats. Determination to solve cyber threat problems is welcomed, but Baltic States and Poland are more concerned about the energy security. The new strategy only partially considers this aspect since first of all gives due regard to the assurance of security of energy infrastructure. Therefore, the part of the strategy related to “consultations among Allies on strategic assessments and contingency planning” in the sphere of energy security could be considered as a progressive aspect.

Thirdly, the Concept retained the principle of open doors, directly related to the Alliance’s relations with Russia. For quite a long time Russia urged NATO to refuse the idea of accepting Ukraine and Georgia to the Alliance. This was probably the reason why MAP’s (Membership Action Plans) for these countries were not approved in Bucharest. Therefore the credit should be given to the Alliance for its courage in emphasizing the necessity of partnership with Ukraine and Georgia. This demonstrates that NATO is not renouncing its main principles.

One of the objectives of the new strategic concept on nuclear arms might also complicate relations of Moscow and the Alliance. The document says that “in any further reductions our aim should be to seek Russian agreement to increase transparency on its nuclear weapons in Europe and relocate these weapons away from the territory of NATO members”. Russia is very sensitive toward any attempts to “entrench” upon its nuclear arsenal, which is perceived as an instrument response to the development of the U.S. missile defense system. Therefore, its deployment away from NATO borders and reduction of superiority in the sphere of nuclear cruise missiles would probably be not acceptable to Moscow. Situation concerning the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe also seems stuck, since Russia abandoned the treaty some time ago and blaming the West for this step.

After the NATO-Russia Council meeting on missile defense cooperation these perspectives were evaluated quite optimistically. However, the Russian representative to NATO, D. Rogozin noted that there were no specific decisions on this issue and that all negotiations were still ahead. It is obvious that their main problem is expansion of NATO to the East, since it is too early to think of its elimination from the East-West confrontation agenda. D. Medvedev’s warning on a new arms race in case of inability to reach the agreement only confirmed the above hypothesis.

To be short, in the new strategic concept the Alliance confirmed its basic (including Article 5) principles, assessed the new threats and substantiated the need of integrated crisis resolution. However, some parts of the concept seem quite vague: for instance, the document says that “today the Alliance remains an essential source of stability in an unpredictable world”. Is this true? The document also highlights the required level of military expanses, whereas Great Britain and Germany are cutting their military budgets. It also stipulates close cooperation with the UN and strategic relations with Russia. But nobody actually knows how it will look like.

Copyright: it is obligatory to indicate www.geopolitika.lt as a source in reprinting or otherwise using www.geopolitika.lt material.


   Print version
 
  Article has no comments
 
Name:
E-mail:
Comment:


Enter code:  

Use of juvenile, nonsensical and vulgar language prohibited.
 
 
Search




Ukraine has filed a lawsuit against Russia in the International Court of Justice for terrorism and racism (41)

2017 01 19


The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine filed a lawsuit in the UN International Court of Justice against Russia within the framework of the International Convention for the Suppression of the Financing of Terrorism and the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, says the site of the Foreign Minister. This is done on the instructions of the President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko, issued on 16 January.


National Armed Forces (NAF) of Latvia will deploy additional military units in three cities (67)

2017 01 18


For effective complex defence of Latvia, the establishment of a permanent division of the National Armed Forces has started in Latgale, reported the official website of the Ministry of Defence.

 



In Lithuania the amount of 110 thousand Euros was collected at a concert in support of the ATO fighters and residents of Donbass (23)

2017 01 17


On 13 January a concert "Together to the victory" was held in Lithuania, where the audience decided to support Ukraine's defence and donated 110 thousand Euros.

 



Belarus has established a visa-free regime for citizens of 80 countries (2)

2017 01 10


Alexander Lukashenko on 9 January signed a decree № 8 "On the establishment of visa-free entry and exit of foreign nationals." The document establishes visa-free entry to Belarus for a period not exceeding 5 days at the entrance through the checkpoint "National Airport Minsk" for citizens of 80 countries, - reported the press service of the President of Belarus.




The European Parliament approved the recall of visas for citizens of Ukraine and Georgia (3)

2016 12 19


 

The European Parliament approved the granting of a visa-free regime for short-term trips to the citizens of Ukraine and Georgia, RIA Novosti reported.

 


 

Copyright: it is obligatory to indicate www.geopolitika.lt as a source in reprinting or otherwise using www.geopolitika.lt material!

© 2005-2017 Geopolitiniø Studijø Centras