About us     Activities     Announcements     Contacts 
 Lithuania
 EU/NATO
 Russia
 Other countries
 Threats
 Energetics
 Reviews of the press
 Summer Academy
 Publications















   We recommend:







   Our sponsors:



 
Russia
 
  Siberia: a colony of 21st century?

Auđra Radzevičiűtë
2007 07 26

Siberia with its natural resources is a very rich Russian territory. It gives everything and gets practically nothing from Moscow. Moscow elaborates plans and strategies on how to develop this region, considers huge investment from budget, however, the problems in Siberia grow, the population catastrophically decreases and opens the doors for illegal immigration of citizens of China. The major paradox of Siberia: the territory so rich with nearly all minerals, huge gas and oil fields, experiences catastrophic shortage of electric power.

In a broad sense Siberia is the entire Asian part of Russia extending from the Urals to the Pacific Ocean, although from the point of view of administration this territory does not include the Far East. The Siberian Federal District consists of 14 subjects of the Russian Federation, its area – 5,1 square km, population – about 20 million.

Siberia concentrates 85% of the Russian lead and platinum resources, 80% of coal and molybdenum, 71% of nickel, 69% of copper, 44% of silver, 40% of gold and all jewel resources. Let alone oil, gas and about 3,5 million square meters of forest.

Absorption of the Siberian natural resources is possible only subject to the efficient transport system, however, so far it has not been adequately developed.  According to experts, it should either be newly established or completely modernized.  Several meridian highways should be constructed, whereas railway and, probably, river transport by Lena, Irtysh and Yenisei rivers, should become a supporting network.

The concept of re-orientation of Siberia has been elaborated in 2000. It deals with the transition from the stock based to the higher technologies based structure of economy.  According to the above document, this could be computer software production, production of lasers, electronics, techno parks etc., however, without the support of the state these plans have not been implemented.

The recent Economy Forum held in St.Petersburg considered the Project for development of the Western Siberia anticipating construction of a new transport corridor and development of energy and infrastructure.  All the above should contribute to the efficient absorption of mineral resources of the Region. The federal center is ready to allocate more than 100 billion rubles; local authorities and private investors should also contribute to implementation of the Project.

However, oil resources in the Western Siberia have nearly expired and incentives are made to turn back to the Eastern Siberia. It has about 110 billion barrels of oil, the value of which in the market would be about 6 trillion US dollars. Huge investment are needed, however authorities and local businesses do not hurry, and the doors for foreigners are practically shut. The United States have been criticizing the Kremlin for „vacuum of force“ behind the Urals, and is ready to suggest its plan on how to „set Siberia on its legs“. However, the Chinese have started economic and demographic expansion to the southern Siberia without any invitation.

Why is Russia gradually loosing Siberia? – asked one of the authors of the news agency APN. How could the Siberians, possessors of huge mineral resources, have occurred in the zone of permanent disaster at the beginning of 21st century? According to him, the first reason is poverty. This is predetermined by several reasons:  territorial exclusion, inadequate financing of the social sphere, and the fall of manufacture and infrastructure which has taken place during the recent 15 years. Let alone enormous re-pumping of income and resources to the center of Russia and adverse climate conditions. Although this territory guarantees more than 10% of the country‘s export annually, 80% of monetary funds, related to Siberia, „sink“ in Moscow.

Situation in Siberia indicates two clear tendencies: mass emigration and moods of separatism. However, hardly the separation would rescue Siberia. In any case, one of the key problems of Siberia is lack of population, since demographic situation there is simply catastrophic. However, in case if mass immigration of labor force from China and Central Asia is permitted, after some time Siberia would cease being the Russian territory, and this is not acceptable for the authorities of the Russian Federation.

For many years Russia has been tearing between its twofold  - European and Asian – origin. Philosopher G.Antipov recalls the famous words of M.Lomonosov that Siberia would glorify the power of Russia; however he also reminds that Siberia is the place of deportation and servitude. Thus Siberia in the national consciousness of the Russians is a huge repository of resources and the place where persons departing from laws are deported.

Copyright: it is obligatory to indicate www.geopolitika.lt as a source in reprinting or otherwise using www.geopolitika.lt material.


   Print version
 
  Article has no comments
 
Name:
E-mail:
Comment:


Enter code:  

Use of juvenile, nonsensical and vulgar language prohibited.
 
 
Search




Ukraine has filed a lawsuit against Russia in the International Court of Justice for terrorism and racism

2017 01 19


The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine filed a lawsuit in the UN International Court of Justice against Russia within the framework of the International Convention for the Suppression of the Financing of Terrorism and the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, says the site of the Foreign Minister. This is done on the instructions of the President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko, issued on 16 January.


National Armed Forces (NAF) of Latvia will deploy additional military units in three cities (1)

2017 01 18


For effective complex defence of Latvia, the establishment of a permanent division of the National Armed Forces has started in Latgale, reported the official website of the Ministry of Defence.

 



In Lithuania the amount of 110 thousand Euros was collected at a concert in support of the ATO fighters and residents of Donbass

2017 01 17


On 13 January a concert "Together to the victory" was held in Lithuania, where the audience decided to support Ukraine's defence and donated 110 thousand Euros.

 



Belarus has established a visa-free regime for citizens of 80 countries

2017 01 10


Alexander Lukashenko on 9 January signed a decree № 8 "On the establishment of visa-free entry and exit of foreign nationals." The document establishes visa-free entry to Belarus for a period not exceeding 5 days at the entrance through the checkpoint "National Airport Minsk" for citizens of 80 countries, - reported the press service of the President of Belarus.




The European Parliament approved the recall of visas for citizens of Ukraine and Georgia

2016 12 19


 

The European Parliament approved the granting of a visa-free regime for short-term trips to the citizens of Ukraine and Georgia, RIA Novosti reported.

 


 

Copyright: it is obligatory to indicate www.geopolitika.lt as a source in reprinting or otherwise using www.geopolitika.lt material!

© 2005-2017 Geopolitiniř Studijř Centras